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Medical Robotic Technology

Source: Intuitive Surgical

A good example of medical robotic technology is the da Vinci surgical system that allows surgeons to perform minimally invasive procedures with an advanced set of instruments and a 3D high-definition view of the surgical area.
Minimally invasive surgery with da Vinci is widely used in urology and gynecology procedures, and in several other procedures, too.

The da Vinci surgical system gives a surgeon an advanced set of instruments to use in performing robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery.
The Robot don’t perform surgery but the surgeon performs surgery with da Vinci by using instruments that he or she guides via a console.

The da Vinci system translates your surgeon’s hand movements at the console in real time, bending and rotating the instruments while performing the procedure.
The tiny wristed instruments move like a human hand, but with a greater range of motion.
The da Vinci vision system also delivers highly magnified, 3D high-definition views of the surgical area.
The instrument size makes it possible for surgeons to operate through one or a few small incisions.

Source: Intuitive Surgical

The da Vinci System consists of a surgeon's console that is typically in the same room as the patient, and a patient-side cart with three to four interactive robotic arms (depending on the model) controlled from the console.

The arms are for tools that hold objects, and can also act as scalpels, scissors, bovies, or graspers; the final arm controls the 3-D cameras.
The surgeon uses the console's controls to maneuver the patient-side cart's three or four robotic arms.

The da Vinci System always requires a human operator, so is not autonomous technology yet.

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